Historical Geography Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 44-62.

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A Research on the Mountains and Rivers of He-Luo Region in the Chapter Zhongshan Jing of Shan Hai Jing

Yang Xiaoyang   

  1. Centre for Historical Geography Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-05-07


The chapter Zhongshan Jing (Classic of the Mountains: Central) of Shan Hai Jing (Classic of Mountains and Seas) presented the mountains and rivers of He-Luo Region in detail, basically from the middle reaches of the Yellow River to the Luo River and the Yi River. The earliest pieces of Shan Hai Jing were thought to have appeared since as early as the pre-Qin period, and many placenames had been lost in Han and Wei dynasties. Generations of scholars consecutively studied the geography and toponomy of these areas, but the results were barely precise or satisfying. Usually, an incorrect location assigned to a mountain or a river would mislead the naming of its surrounding areas. On the basis of previous work and documents, this article presents seven explanations of mountain and river positions in the He-Luo area and discusses the environmental consciousness of people in the time of Shan Hai Jing.

Key words: Shan Hai Jing, middle reaches of Yellow River, Luo River, mountain range, river system

CLC Number: 

  • K928