Historical Geography Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 15-28.

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Deng Chengxiu and the Qing-France Negotiations: A Brief Introduction to the Maps and Treaty on the Boundary Between Guangxi Province and Vietnam Collected in the Taipei Palace Museum

Chen Weixin   

  1. Taipei Palace Museum Library, Taipei 11143, China
  • Received:2020-02-28 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2021-01-19


International boundary demarcation is a trouble-causing problem between countries. Before the middle Qing Dynasty, Vietnam was regarded as a vassal state of the Qing empire, thus the boundary demarcation between two governments had not been conducted, and the southwest boundary of the Qing empire was not clearly defined. After the Sino-French war (1883—1885), the Qing and French governments concluded on the Ten Treaties Between Qing and French Government on Vietnam, which ended the vassal relationship between Vietnam and the Qing, thus giving rise to the discussion over the related demarcation issues. In the 11th year of the Guangxu Reign (1885), the Qing government sent Deng Chengxiu to negotiate with French officials on demarcation issues. After long lasting seesaw debates, the two governments finally signed the boundary treaty and drew the boundary maps. The treaty, boundary maps and related files signed by Deng Chengxiu and French officials collected in the Taipei Palace Museum are important materials for the recovery of the boundary negotiations.

Key words: Deng Chengxiu, the boundary of Guangxi Province and Vietnam, demarcation issue between the Qing and France governments, maps

CLC Number: 

  • K928