Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 79-90.

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The Inlandization of Frontier Administrative Divisions in Republican China: Taking Dengkou County as an Example

Yu Hao   

  1. Center for Historical Geography Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2020-05-30 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

Abstract:

Dengkou County, now under the jurisdiction of Bayan Nur City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is located in the west part of Hetao Plain and agro-pastoral ecotone in northwestern China. The area was the fiefdom of Alxa Lord in the Qing Dynasty. Due to the convenient conditions of irrigation and water transportation along the Yellow River, the Catholic Church established a Catholic society in Dengkou area by reclaiming land, constructing irrigation canals, and attracting the poor farmers of the Han population in Shaanxi and Gansu since the late Qing Dynasty. During the period of the Republic of China, along with the gradual increasing of Han immigrants in Dengkou area, Gansu Province and Ningxia Province separated from Gansu tried to continue the policy of “The Mongols are governed by Qi, while the Han are governed by counties”, which from Qing period and based on the principle of personal jurisdiction. At the same time, Gansu and Ningxia Province tried to extend the political power to Dengkou and establish the county administration. The political competition and the benefit struggle in Dengkou area reflected the frontier policy of the central government during the Republic of China, and also reflected the influence on the administrative divisions of different groups and various forces in frontier areas.

Key words: frontier administrative divisions, principles of personal jurisdiction, inlandization, Dengkou

CLC Number: 

  • K928