Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 46-64.

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Topography and River-Lake Environment along the Lower Yellow River After Tongwaxiang Breach (1855-1911)

Gu Shuai   

  1. School of Literature and Journalism, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
  • Received:2021-01-17 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

Abstract:

In 1855, the Yellow River moved northward in the aftermath of the Tongwaxiang breach, which had a great impact on the topography of the downstream area and the environment of rivers and lakes. In the Shandong plain to the west of the Great Canal, the sediment deposition resulted in the elevation of the terrain, while the flood flow of the Yellow River in this area even disturbed the original water system. In the lower reaches of Wenhe River and Sishui River, it was difficult to drain water because of the high riverbed of the Yellow River. The formation and expansion of Dongping Lake was the result of the increasing water accumulation in the area. In the plain area on the west side of the hills from Changqing to Qidong in the middle of Shandong Province, affected by the silting up of riverbed of the Yellow River or the back-flow of its water, it was difficult to discharge water into the Yellow River, which directly prompt the opening of the New Qinghe River. In the basin of Tuhai River, affected by the breach of the Yellow River, many tributaries of the Tuhai River were silted, while the Tuhai River was scoured wide and deep by the Yellow River. After the breach of the Yellow River in Lijin in 1907, the tail reach of Tuhai River was also silted up.

Key words: Tongwaxiang, lower Yellow River channel, topography, river-lake environment

CLC Number: 

  • K928