Historical Geography Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 26-37.

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The Mountain-Flood Canals on the Loess Plateau in Northern China and Water Conservancy Relation In-Between Villages: A Field Survey Centered on Tongzhi Pingyao Water Conservancy Map Tablet

Zhang Junfeng   

  1. Research Center for Chinese Social History, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
  • Received:2020-03-22 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-08-14


Water conservancy map tablet is a special form of water conservancy materials. The spatial distribution of such tablets is quite dispersive though with a small amount overall. To some extent, the water conservancy monument reflects the history of a regional society, especially in areas where water resources are scarce. It is not only the epitomized expression of water right consciousness, but also the reflection of people's attitude towards water resources. It is also the result of people's consultation, negotiation, and confliction under water stress. Taking the water conservancy map tablets as clues, this paper further excavates the history of related people and events, with the aim to deepen and expand the existing social history researches of water conservancy. It will help to gain a deeper understanding of the role and influence of water in the historical changes of traditional Chinese rural society.

Key words: water conservancy map tablet, Pingyao, water right, society