Historical Geography Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 52-62.

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Clarifications on the Evolution of Ancient City Sites of Jiangling, Nanjun, and Jingzhou

Wang Hongxing1, Zhu Jiangsong2   

  1. 1. Jinan Tourism of Ecological and Culture, Jingzhou 434200, China
    2. Jingzhou Museum, Jingzhou 434200, China
  • Received:2019-10-28 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-08-14


Based on new materials, this paper argues that the City of Ying was rebuilt alongside the old Jiangling City, after the Qin general Bai Qi's taken-over of Ying. Afterwards, both the Nanjun Prefecture and Jiangling County used this city as their seats. During the middle Western Han, the Nanjun Prefecture and Jiangling County relocated their seats to the newly built Xi'eshan City, and Ying City became the seat of Ying County. Since the end of Western Han, the Ying County was canceled and the city became a courier station, which lasted until the last era of Eastern Han. Later on, Guan Yu, Huan Wen, and Wang Chen, successively rebuilt the Jiangling City on the basis of the old Xi'eshan City. It is only after Huan Wen rebuilt the Jiangling City that the two cities Jiangling and Jingzhou merged. During the reign of Wude in the Tang, Nanjun Prefecture was canceled. At around the fourteenth year of the Tianbao reign, the Yangtze River changed its course to the south of modern Jingzhou City, therefore the Jiangling City was moved from Xi'eshan City to modern Jingzhou City and remained in the same place to this day.

Key words: Jiangling, Nanjun, Jingzhou, Xi'eshan City