Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 105-118.

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Research on Process and Mechanism of Mianzhou City’s Relocation in Qing Dynasty

Ma Jian, Zhang Yubo   

  1. Southwest Center for Historical Geographical Studies, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2021-01-30 Online:2021-05-20 Published:2021-05-20


During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, the flood of Fujiang River seriously affected the integrity of Mianzhou city and the normal operation of local governmental institutions after the change of its course. Due to the impending war in Jinchuan and shortage of funds, the governor of Sichuan gave up repairing the walled-city and set Luojiang as the prefecture-leveled city instead. During the Jiaqing period, the local gentry and people jointly maneuvered for the return to the old Mianzhou, which regained its strategic importance during the White Lotus Uprising. The uniqueness of natural setting and historical inertia of human location, which reflected regional difference of flood environmental effect, are the reasons that lead to the relocation and return. The combination of the decision-making process of “actors” and the analysis of geographical mechanism in the study of city relocation is vital to the understanding on the causal relationship and primary or secondary factors, and the presentation of a vivid historical outlook and gaining in-depth historical cognition.

Key words: flood, warfare, Mianzhou, actor, geographical analysis

CLC Number: 

  • K928