Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 16-30.

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A Study of the Governance of Longxi, Beidi and Shang Commanderies in the Early Western Han Dynasty: Centered on the Rank of the Counties as Seen in the Statutes on Salaries (Zhi lü) from Zhangjiashan Han Slips

Ma Menglong   

  1. History Department, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2020-09-05 Online:2021-05-20 Published:2021-05-20


This paper compares the surviving and excavated documents and points out that the commandery’s capital county was the highest-ranking among the counties belonging to the same commandery in the Han Dynasty. Based on the rank and order of a commandery’s counties recorded in the Statutes on Salaries (Er Nian Lü Ling: Zhi lü) from Zhangjiashan Han Slips, we can analyze the governance of some commanderies in the early Western Han Dynasty. According to the Statutes on Salaries, the capital of Longxi Commandery in the early Western Han Dynasty was Shangli County; Shang Commandery’s capital was Gaonu County, and the capital of Beidi Commandery was Panyang County. Besides, the capital of Hanzhong, Hedong, and Hainai Commanderies in the early Western Han Dynasty can also be further inferred by the Statutes on Salaries. This document’s value in the study of capital counties in the early Western Han Dynasty needs to be emphasized.

Key words: Zhangjiashan Han Bamboo Slips, Statutes on Salaries (Er Nian Lü Ling: Zhi lü), Western Han dynasty political geography, Han dynasty commandery governance, Han dynasty county hierarchy

CLC Number: 

  • K928