Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 125-137.

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The Transition of the Penal Colony System in Song Dynasty and its Influence

Cheng Tao   

  1. School of Literature, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
  • Received:2021-01-05 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14


As the Cipei (literally, prick and expel) punishment was abused in judicatory practice of Song Dynasty, the number of fugitives convicted for expulsion increased significantly. Accordingly, the Song court transferred and dispersed the convicts from the capital and its environs to remote regions in the south. However, by the turn of the Southern Song, the exiled criminals gradually assembled in the Five Ridges, where they joined the forces of Yankou (salt bandits) and Dongkou (minority bandits), resulting in a chronic threat to the stability in the region and its surrounding areas.

Key words: Cipei punishment, cruel law for gangsters, The Five Ridges, banditry region

CLC Number: 

  • K928