Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 34-45.

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The Operation of Yuze Reporting System in Counties in the Late Qing Dynasty: A Case Study Based on Xunhua Archives

Liu Bingtao   

  1. School of Marxism, Shanghai Dianji University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Received:2021-05-05 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14


In historical periods, Chinese emperors paid great attention to local precipitation and required local government to report precipitation to the central government regularly. This paper mainly uses the Xunhua (循化) archives to investigate the practice of Yuze (***) reporting system in counties in the late Qing Dynasty. There were reports every ten days and monthly ones. Both are required to record daily information including the weather condition, precipitation, begin-and-end time of rainfall. What's more, there was a special report to record rain in summer and snow in winter. It is an important guarantee to ensure the accuracy of Yuze (雨泽) reports to check the record format, time, clients and information of local government by sensior officials from prefectures, provinces, and ministries. In addition, the report from agrarian officials was also one of the sources of reports of rainfall and harvest.

Key words: late Qing Dynasty, Yuze reporting system, Xunhua, operation

CLC Number: 

  • K928