Historical Geography Research ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 65-78.

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New Study on the Administrative Rank of Prefectures in the Jin Dynasty

Li Dahai   

  1. Department of History, Zhuhai, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China
  • Received:2021-03-02 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14


It's generally accepted in academia that the various prefectural governments, were divided, top-down, into capital prefecture, general prefecture and the third class Sanfu (散府) in the Jin Dynasty. This paper holds that, from the point of view of administrative division, the above division blurs the difference between the general office of administrative organization and the general prefecture's capital town. It also conceals the fact that “Jingfu” (the Capital prefecture) in Jin Shi and other documents refers not only to the capital prefecture Lu (诸京路). Depending on the administrative status of the authorities they host, the various prefectural governments can be divided into the capital prefecture Lu's town, general prefecture Lu's town and non-general prefecture Lu or third rank Sanfu's town. There is no direct correlation between the aforementioned order and the upper, middle and lower tier system, which is mainly composed of demographic factors, and they are independent from each other. It is helpful in understanding the actual practice of the administrative divisions in the Yuan Dynasty and revealing the great turning point of the development of the Lu system during Jin and Yuan Dynasties.

Key words: the administrative rank, the capital prefecture, the general prefecture, prefect, Jin and Yuan Dynasties

CLC Number: 

  • K928