Historical Geography Research ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 132-142.

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A Review of Academic Contributions of Prof. Zhang Xiugui to the Establishment of Historical Geomorphology in China

Han Zhaoqing   

  1. Center for Historical Geographic Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2022-07-15 Online:2022-07-20 Published:2022-11-14


Prof. Zhang Xiugui is one of the main founders of the Chinese Historical Geomorphology and Historical Physical Geography. Guided by modern geomorphology theory, he has established a set of unique research methods and paradigms for historical geomorphology through field investigations and interpretations on the historical records of environmental changes. His works on the geomorphological evolution of the riverbed of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River are well received in Chinese academia and regarded as the most outstanding achievement in Chinese Historical Geomorphology. Amongst his other accomplishments are the studies on the formation of the Hai River, the change of the lower reaches of the Yellow River, the evolution of the lakes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and the formation of the Shanghai Landmass, all of which were based on Prof. Tan Qixiang’s researches but with new findings and improvements. Prof. Zhang Xiugui’s works have covered a timespan of thousands of years and demonstrated the integration of historical and modern geography as well as the pragmatical applications of the principles of historical geography. In addition, he also took part in the recovery and restoration of the earliest Han Dynasty map found at Mawangdui in China and thoroughly investigated the content of the map to ensure its historical accuracy and reliability. His researches on ancient maps have laid the foundation for future studies in the field.

Key words: Zhang Xiugui, historical geomorphology, historical physical geography, study of ancient maps

CLC Number: 

  • K928