Historical Geography Research ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 1-10.

    Next Articles

Evolution of Lake Distribution and Drainage Pattern in the Lixia River Plain (1570-1938)

Yang Xiao   

  1. Center for Historical Geography, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2021-10-25 Online:2023-02-20 Published:2023-04-23


The Lixia River Plain, consisting of a great number of small lakes and swamps, spread widely in the north of Jiangsu Province in history. After 1570, the flood of Huaihe River entering Lixia River Plain continued to increase, which caused great changes in the distribution of lakes and drainage pattern in the region. After 1596, the flood from the Jinghe River and the Ziyinggou River entered into the Guangyang Lake, and then flowed through the Sheyang Lake into the sea. The waters in the southeast of Gaoyou all converge in the Luyang Lake. After 1681, due to the southward shift of the Guihai Dams, floods converged in the middle of the Lixia River Plain and overflowed from the south to the north. As a result, the Dazong Lake and other lakes were connected and merged as a whole. Due to the decrease of flood, the Guangyang Lake was divided into several scattered lakes. Whether the Guihai Dams were opened or not, it would directly affect the hydrological environment of the Lixia River Plain, and thus form two completely different lake distribution and drainage patterns in the flood period and normal period.

Key words: the Lixia River Plain, lake-river system, changing process, spatial distribution

CLC Number: 

  • K928