Historical Geography Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 54-67.

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Historical Geographical Observations on the Heishui General Government in Tang Dynasty

Wang Yulang1, Wang Junzheng2   

  1. 1. The Far East Academy, Heihe University, Heihe 164300,China
    2. Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk 675027, Russia
  • Received:2019-11-27 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2021-01-19


During the period of Kaiyuan’s reign in Tang Dynasty, Boli Prefecture, Heishui Army Arca, and Heishui Genaral Government were consecutively set up on the northern border, where were the later Bohai Kingdom and the district of Heishui-mohe. Using documents and archeological materials, combing with related studies of Boli Prefecture (Bozhou), Heishui-mohe Roadway, Bohai Genaral Government, Anjing Genaral Government, and Simu Tribe of Heishui-mohe, the Jiang’an ancient city of presentd-day Luobei County should be the seat of Heishui General Government in history. The inference also considered the historical background of the military confrontation between the Bohai Kingdom and Heishui-mohe, which caused Heishui-mohe to move northward from the middle and lower reaches of the Mudanjiang River. As a regional strategic center and a geographically significant military and political town, Heishui General Government guarded the north front of the Shangjing (Upper Capital) of Bohai and ran through Heishui-mohe along the line of traffic tunnels; at the same time, it was in accordance with the relative positional relationship between the Bohai Genaral Government, Anjing Genaral Government’s jurisdiction and Simu Tribe of Heishui-mohe. These also proved the Jiangan ancient city being seat of the Heishui Genaral Government set up during the Kaiyuan period of Tang Dynasty.

Key words: Heishui General Government, Heishui-mohe, Heishui-mohe Roadway, Simu Tribe, Jiangan ancient city

CLC Number: 

  • K928