Historical Geography Research ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 77-88.

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Study on the Abolishment and Operation of Tujia System of Immigrant Society in Qing Dynasty, Centered on the New Document of Tujia in Yichun County

Ling Yan1, Yang Shuigen2   

  1. 1. Anyuan Red Culture Research Center, Pingxiang University, Pingxiang 337000, China
    2. Wang Yangming Research Center, Historical Culture and Traveling Institute, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou 341000, China
  • Received:2021-10-01 Online:2022-05-20 Published:2022-08-31


In order to deal with the problem of immigrants’ household registration in Qing Dynasty, the special immigrant Tujia (图甲) was established outside the existing Tujia system. This study takes the new document of Tujia booklets, Tujia contracts and Tujia ledgers in Yichun County as core data to analyze the running of Tujia system in the immigrant society in Yichun County, from its construction, abolishment, and actual operation in the county. A preliminary investigation shows that the Tujia system in Yichun County was deeply influenced by immigrants, and they not only entered the original Tujia system in large numbers, but also established a special immigrant Tujia. The actual operation of Tujia is based on various “wine placement” activities. Through the wine placement ceremony, the scattered members of Tujia were contacted to deepen mutual recognition, discuss and decide the affairs in the system, and to clarify their respective responsibilities and obligations in the form of contracts.

Key words: immigrants, Tujia, operation, Yichun

CLC Number: 

  • K928