历史地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 63-82.

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说 “淮汭”与 “豫章”:吴师入郢之役战争地理新探

雷晋豪   

  1. 香港教育大学文学及文化学系,香港
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-17 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-05-07
  • 作者简介:雷晋豪,男,1982年生,台湾台南人,博士,香港教育大学文学及文化学系助理教授,主要从事西周史、西周金文与中国历史地理研究。
  • 基金资助:
    香港教育大学启动基金(Start-up Grant)资助项目“西周王朝‘南土’的领土性质: 以湖北叶家山墓地为案例”(RG 54/2016-2017R)

On Huairui and Yuzhang: Reconstructing the Geography of the Battle of Wu Conquest of Ying

Lei Chinhau   

  1. Department of Literature and Cultural Studies, Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • Received:2019-11-17 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-05-07

摘要:

公元前506年吴师入郢之役的战争地理过去共有三种论说。本文结合古文字资料、历史文献以及田野考察资料,重新解读“淮汭”与“豫章”两个关键地名,并以吴、楚之间的水、陆交通线为背景,重建这一战役的战争地理。吴师的进兵与退兵都是利用淮河水道,而双方的交战则是在随枣走廊之中往复。相较于过去的学说,本文的地理重构不只是立足于较为可靠的文献基础,同时展现出更为合理的空间逻辑关系。

关键词: 吴师入郢, 汭, 豫章, 水运, 军事地理

Abstract:

Three contradictory theories have been proposed so far about the geography of the Battle of Wu Conquest of Ying in 506 BC. Combining paleographical sources, transmitted classics, and data collected from field trips, this article argues for a reinvestigation of this issue. Firstly, it probes into Huairei and Yuzhang, two controversial place names recorded in classical texts crucial for locating the war. Based on a precise understanding of place names, it reconstructs the geography of the battle by contextualizing it into the land and water transportation network in Central China. The result is explicit. The Wu State maneuvered its troops through the waterway of the Huai River during advancement and retreat, while land combats took place back and forth in the Suizao Corridor. As opposed to previous theories, this reconstruction of the war is not only textually solid but also topographically interconnected.

Key words: The Wu Conquest of Ying, Rui, Yuzhang, water transport, military geography

中图分类号: 

  • K928