历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 34-45.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

晚清雨泽奏报制度在州县运行机制的研究——以循化厅档案为例

刘炳涛   

  1. 上海电机学院马克思主义学院,上海 201306
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-05 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-10-14
  • 作者简介:刘炳涛,男,1983年生,山东安丘人,博士,上海电机学院马克思主义学院教授,主要研究方向为历史气候变化、环境史。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金一般项目“清代雨泽奏报的资料整理、制度运行及气候重建研究”(20BZS105)

The Operation of Yuze Reporting System in Counties in the Late Qing Dynasty: A Case Study Based on Xunhua Archives

Liu Bingtao   

  1. School of Marxism, Shanghai Dianji University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Received:2021-05-05 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

摘要:

中国历代统治者都非常关注地方降水情况,要求各地定时向中央奏报雨泽,形成一种自下而上的雨泽奏报制度。本文主要利用循化厅档案资料考察晚清时期雨泽奏报制度在州县上的运行实态。州县雨泽奏报在程序上有旬报和月报之分,无论旬报还是月报,格式上均要逐日书写天气状况、降水起讫时刻和降水量多寡。除旬报和月报外,还存在另一种特殊的上报程序,即各属如遇夏雨冬雪要随时上报。统县政区和高级政区长官对州县雨泽上报格式、时限、人员、信息准确性等进行查核,是确保雨泽信息准确的重要保障。州县户房的书吏是具体负责雨泽信息收集并上报的人员,在此之外,农官上报也是雨泽、收成奏报的来源之一。

关键词: 晚清, 雨泽奏报制度, 循化厅, 运行机制

Abstract:

In historical periods, Chinese emperors paid great attention to local precipitation and required local government to report precipitation to the central government regularly. This paper mainly uses the Xunhua (循化) archives to investigate the practice of Yuze (***) reporting system in counties in the late Qing Dynasty. There were reports every ten days and monthly ones. Both are required to record daily information including the weather condition, precipitation, begin-and-end time of rainfall. What's more, there was a special report to record rain in summer and snow in winter. It is an important guarantee to ensure the accuracy of Yuze (雨泽) reports to check the record format, time, clients and information of local government by sensior officials from prefectures, provinces, and ministries. In addition, the report from agrarian officials was also one of the sources of reports of rainfall and harvest.

Key words: late Qing Dynasty, Yuze reporting system, Xunhua, operation

中图分类号: 

  • K928