历史地理研究 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 61-76.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

从《做杉木放牌要览》看清代徽商 在钱塘江流域的木业经营

王振忠, 朱慧敏   

  1. 复旦大学历史地理研究中心,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-14 出版日期:2022-05-20 发布日期:2022-08-31
  • 作者简介:王振忠,男,1964年生,福建福州人,博士,复旦大学历史地理研究中心教授,主要从事历史地理学、明清史和徽学研究;
    朱慧敏,女,1990年生,安徽淮北人,复旦大学历史地理研究中心博士研究生。

Huizhou Merchants’s Timber Industry Management in the Qiantang River Basin in Qing Dynasty as Seen in the Zuo Shanmu Fangpai Yaolan

Wang Zhenzhong, Zhu Huimin   

  1. Center for Historical Geographical Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2021-11-14 Online:2022-05-20 Published:2022-08-31

摘要:

佚名抄本《做杉木放牌要览》,与此前习见的新安江—钱塘江商编路程稍有不同,它除了沿途地名、距离里数的记录之外,还收录了木业经营运作的诸多规则,属于一种综合性的商业书。据此,可以探究徽商在钱塘江流域从事木业经营的事实。从中可知,该书系徽歙商人从事衢港木运销之商业秘籍,其中包括五段前后相续的沿途水程以及一条返归桑梓故里的陆路。由此可以勾勒出徽歙商人从事衢港木经营的路线,并较为深入地探讨与之相关的诸多商业规范。由此看来,传统时代徽商在各地的活跃,不仅仰赖其巨额的财富和较高的文化素质,而且还与他们输出的相关技术和商业规范密切相关。

关键词: 徽州木商, 《做杉木放牌要览》, 钱塘江, 商编路程, 交通地理

Abstract:

The anonymous Zuo Shanmu Fangpai Yaolan (Keys to Chinese Fir Wood Business and River Transportation) offers a slightly different view from previously discovered and rather common itinerary books on the Xin’an River-Qiantang River business journey. In addition to the place names and the distance along the way, it also includes many rules of wood business operation, which makes it a comprehensive business manual. Accordingly, we can explore the many facts of Huizhou merchants’ conducts in timber industry in the Qiantang River basin. The book contains business secrets of Hui-Xi merchants engaged in Qugang timber transportation and marketing, including five sections of continuous water routes along the way and a land route back to the hometown. On that basis, we can outline the route of Hui-Xi merchants engaged in Qugang wood business, and examine their related business norms more closely. From this point of view, the success of Hui merchants in the traditional times depended not only on their abundant wealth and higher cultural quality, but was also closely related to the relevant technologies and business norms they professed and spread.

Key words: Huizhou timber merchants, Zuo Shanmu Fangpai Yaolan, Qiantang River, business distance, traffic geography

中图分类号: 

  • K928