历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 111-124.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

三通三绝: 清朝使用“纳林道”研究

王启明   

  1. 陕西师范大学中国西部边疆研究院,陕西西安710062
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-23 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-10-14
  • 作者简介:王启明,男,1984年生,陕西兴平人,博士,陕西师范大学中国西部边疆研究院副研究员,主要从事清代西北边疆史研究。
  • 基金资助:
    陕西师范大学中央高校基本科研业务经费专项资金特别支持项目“清代回疆换防八旗满文档案的翻译整理与研究”(19SZTZ02)

Three Use and Three Break: Study on the Use of Narin Road in Qing Dynasty

Wang Qiming   

  1. Institute for Western Frontier Region of China, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2020-06-23 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

摘要:

通过对北京和台北两地档案机构所藏满汉文档案的研读,可以发现从18世纪末到19世纪30年代,清朝曾分三个阶段将北疆伊犁军队通过中亚“纳林道”换防至南疆喀什噶尔,而非以往学者认为的“两阶段说”,清朝趁机巡查布鲁特边界,达到“寓巡边与换防之中”的双重效果。文章就清朝在三个阶段分别使用这条道路的缘起、换防过程与演变,及其放弃原因与最终影响等进行了详细讨论,并考证出今台北故宫博物院藏《进呈伊犁由那林河草地至喀什噶尔图说》实为道光七年九月十四日伊犁将军德英阿《复奏伊犁至喀什噶尔草地路径由》之所附“绘图贴说”。

关键词: 清朝, 巡边, 换防, 纳林道

Abstract:

After reading the Manchu and Chinese records in Beijing and Taibei's archives, the article firstly discovers that the Qing army used the Narin Road to relocate the Ili troops to Kashgar and patrolled on the Burut's border in three stages from the end of the eighteenth century to the 1830s, to achieve the dual effect of incorporating borderland inspection into the rotation of troops. Secondly, the article discusses the origin of the use of this road, the rotation process and its evolution, the reason of deserting the road, and the final influences and so forth. Lastly, the article argues that the map with the description “from Ili to Kashgar by Narin meadow road” is an attachment with annotation of the Ili General Deyingga's memorial to the emperor on September fourteenth of the seventh year of Daoguang.

Key words: Qing Dynasty, borderland inspection, rotation, Narin Road

中图分类号: 

  • K928