历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 125-137.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

宋代流配地域的演变及其影响——以刺配法的实施为中心

程涛   

  1. 海南师范大学历史文化学院,海南海口 571158
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-05 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-10-14
  • 作者简介:程涛,男,1989年生,海南定安人,博士,海南师范大学历史文化学院讲师,主要从事宋史、历史人文地理研究。

The Transition of the Penal Colony System in Song Dynasty and its Influence

Cheng Tao   

  1. School of Literature, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
  • Received:2021-01-05 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

摘要:

宋代刺配刑泛滥,导致触法流配者大为增加。为避免因配隶人群大量聚集而导致的社会治安乱局,宋廷一方面施行诸路间相互移配、散配的政策,另一方面格于军政形势及祖制,将配隶地域逐步由京畿地区向南方远路转移。步入南宋,由于疆域的蹙缩及政治地理格局的剧变,流配地域在进一步南移中逐渐集中于五岭地域的远恶州军,而大量的逃亡配军刑徒与盐寇、峒寇相纠合,加剧了该区域及近邻州军的动乱,成为终宋之世都未能解决的地方军政难题。

关键词: 刺配法, 盗贼重法, 五岭, 盗区

Abstract:

As the Cipei (literally, prick and expel) punishment was abused in judicatory practice of Song Dynasty, the number of fugitives convicted for expulsion increased significantly. Accordingly, the Song court transferred and dispersed the convicts from the capital and its environs to remote regions in the south. However, by the turn of the Southern Song, the exiled criminals gradually assembled in the Five Ridges, where they joined the forces of Yankou (salt bandits) and Dongkou (minority bandits), resulting in a chronic threat to the stability in the region and its surrounding areas.

Key words: Cipei punishment, cruel law for gangsters, The Five Ridges, banditry region

中图分类号: 

  • K928