历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 138-152.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    

北宋曹洞宗复兴初期的弘布及其时空过程——以芙蓉道楷行迹的复原为中心

沈国光   

  1. 中国社会科学院古代史研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-23 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-10-14
  • 作者简介:沈国光,男,1990年生,浙江嘉兴人,博士,中国社会科学院古代史研究所博士后,主要从事中国历史文化地理与中古史研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目“中国历代释氏碑志的辑录整理与综合研究”(20&ZD266)

The Resurrection and Spreading of Caodong School(曹洞宗) During Northern Song Dynasty: Based on Furong Daokai's Activities

Shen Guoguang   

  1. Institute of Ancient History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-06-23 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-10-14

摘要:

北宋中后期,禅宗之一的曹洞宗开始复兴。芙蓉道楷是曹洞宗复兴过程中的一位重要僧侣。宋末,自随州向北至东京一带,成为道楷及其法嗣弘法的重要区域。受道楷影响,其法嗣占据了大量名寺名山之法席,彻底扭转了宋初曹洞宗衰败之势。虽然芙蓉道楷在东京与士大夫缔结了深厚的关系,但是由于与宦官谭稹的交恶,导致了最终被贬淄州。从长远的时间来看,道楷被贬使得大洪山寺僧人最终失去了宋廷的青睐,曹洞宗也逐渐失去了东京这一重要的化区。

关键词: 曹洞宗, 芙蓉道楷, 法嗣分布, 谭稹

Abstract:

Abstract: In the middle and late Northern Song Dynasty, Caodong school as one of the Zen began to revive. Furong Daokai (芙蓉道楷) was a monk of importance in Caodong School (曹洞宗) during Northern Song Dynasty. This essay, based on the inscription of Daokai and relevant materials, restores Daokai's history of life and the basic process of his preaching Buddism. The region from Suizhou(随州) up north to the surroundings of Dongjing (东京) became a significant area for Daokai and his dharma heirs. Owing to Daokai's influence, his followers took up the positions of numerous famous monasteries and mountains, which was a turning point in the trend of Caodong School. Although Daokai was demoted when in Dongjing, this was due to his personal clash with Tan Zhen. Because of the relationship between Daokai and monks and laymen in Dongjing, Daokai's relegation exerted no negative influence on the promotion of Caodong School in Dongjing immediately. But in the long run, the monks from Dahongshang were no longer appointed abbots of the monasteries in Dongjing. The Caodong school lost the Dongjing as their preaching area, and turned to preach in south of the Yangtze River.

Key words: Caodong School, Furong Daokai, Distribution of Dharma heirs, Tanzhen

中图分类号: 

  • K928