历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 43-61.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

五代防御、团练州考述

屈卡乐   

  1. 中国人民解放军国防大学政治学院,上海 201602
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-06 出版日期:2021-11-20 发布日期:2022-02-23
  • 作者简介:屈卡乐,男,1988年生,安徽阜阳人,博士,中国人民解放军国防大学政治学院军政训练系讲师,主要从事历史政治地理、历史水文地理等研究。

Fangyushi-governed and Tuanlianshi-governed Prefectures in the Five Dynasties

Qu Kale   

  1. Political College, National Defence University People’s Liberation Army China, Shanghai 201602, China
  • Received:2021-04-06 Online:2021-11-20 Published:2022-02-23

摘要:

在唐末旧置的基础上,五代继续增置防御、团练州,至后周末,境域内共计19个防御州、10个团练州,且分布重心逐渐由唐末的关中、中原西部地区东迁至以汴州、洛阳为中心的中原腹地,中原、淮南、河北南部等地区防御、团练州呈现出纚联成片的趋势。此外,防御、团练州还成为中央削弱方镇力量的重要举措,从内部结构来看,设置防御、团练州使得辖3州以上的方镇逐渐向辖2州的方镇趋近,从而使得中央对地方军政的控制力大为强化。

关键词: 五代, 团练州, 防御州, 方镇, 地理分布

Abstract:

On the basis of the existing system in late Tang Dynasty, regimes of the Five Dynasties continued to set up Tuanlianshi-governed and Fangyushi-governed prefectures. By the end of the Later Zhou, there were 19 Fangyushi-governed prefectures and 10 Tuanlianshi-governed prefectures. In the meantime, the conglomeration of Fangyushi-governed and Tuanlianshi-governed prefectures gradually moved eastward from Guanzhong and the west of Central Plain to the Central Plain, with Luoyang and Bianzhou as the center. Towards the end of Later Zhou Dynasty, Fangyushi-governed and Tuanlianshi-governed prefectures were concentrated in the Central Plain, Huainan, Southern Hebei, and showed a trend of continuous integration. Furthermore, Fangyushi-governed and Tuanlianshi-governed prefectures had become an important measure of the central government to weaken the power of the Fangzhen. After setting up Fangyushi-governed or Tuanlianshi-governed prefectures, Fangzhen with jurisdiction over more than three prefectures tended dissolve and became similar to those with two prefectures, which greatly strengthened the central government’s control over local military affairs.

Key words: Five Dynasties, Fangyushi-governed prefecture, Tuanlianshi-governed prefecture, Fangzhen, geographical distribution

中图分类号: 

  • K928