历史地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 16-30.

• 专题研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

西汉初年陇西、北地、上郡治所考——以张家山汉简《秩律》所见各县等第为中心

马孟龙   

  1. 复旦大学历史学系,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-05 出版日期:2021-05-20 发布日期:2021-05-20
  • 作者简介:马孟龙,男,1981年生,辽宁沈阳人,博士,复旦大学历史学系副教授,主要从事汉史、历史地理、出土文献研究。
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目“张家山二四七号汉墓《二年律令·秩律》与汉初政区地理”(14YJC770022);全国优秀博士学位论文作者专项资金资助项目“汉代历史地图集”

A Study of the Governance of Longxi, Beidi and Shang Commanderies in the Early Western Han Dynasty: Centered on the Rank of the Counties as Seen in the Statutes on Salaries (Zhi lü) from Zhangjiashan Han Slips

Ma Menglong   

  1. History Department, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2020-09-05 Online:2021-05-20 Published:2021-05-20

摘要:

汉代郡治之县,在同郡属县中秩级最高。由张家山汉简《二年律令·秩律》载录的各郡辖县秩级,可探知西汉初年某些郡的治所: 陇西郡治所为上邽县;上郡治所为高奴县;北地郡治所为彭阳县。此外,西汉初年汉中、河东、河内三郡治所也可以凭借《秩律》得到进一步限定。《秩律》在西汉初年郡治研究上的价值需要得到重视。

关键词: 张家山汉简《二年律令·秩律》, 西汉政区地理, 汉代郡治, 汉代县邑等级

Abstract:

This paper compares the surviving and excavated documents and points out that the commandery’s capital county was the highest-ranking among the counties belonging to the same commandery in the Han Dynasty. Based on the rank and order of a commandery’s counties recorded in the Statutes on Salaries (Er Nian Lü Ling: Zhi lü) from Zhangjiashan Han Slips, we can analyze the governance of some commanderies in the early Western Han Dynasty. According to the Statutes on Salaries, the capital of Longxi Commandery in the early Western Han Dynasty was Shangli County; Shang Commandery’s capital was Gaonu County, and the capital of Beidi Commandery was Panyang County. Besides, the capital of Hanzhong, Hedong, and Hainai Commanderies in the early Western Han Dynasty can also be further inferred by the Statutes on Salaries. This document’s value in the study of capital counties in the early Western Han Dynasty needs to be emphasized.

Key words: Zhangjiashan Han Bamboo Slips, Statutes on Salaries (Er Nian Lü Ling: Zhi lü), Western Han dynasty political geography, Han dynasty commandery governance, Han dynasty county hierarchy

中图分类号: 

  • K928